Proto-punk is the music played by garage bands from the 1960s to mid-1970s that presaged the punk rock movement.
It was never a cohesive movement, nor was there a readily identifiable proto-punk sound that made its artists seem related at the time. What ties proto-punk together is a certain provocative sensibility that didn’t fit the prevailing counterculture of the time. It was consciously subversive and fully aware of its outsider status.
Much proto-punk was primitive and stripped-down, even when it wasn’t aggressive, and its production was usually just as unpolished.
Garage/art rock bands the Velvet Underground, MC5 and the Stooges are considered to be archetypal proto-punk artists, along with later glam rock band the New York Dolls.
Garage rock is a raw and energetic style of rock and roll that flourished in the mid-1960s, most notably in the United States.
The style is characterized by basic chord structures played on electric guitars sometimes distorted through a fuzzbox, as well as often unsophisticated and occasionally aggressive lyrics and delivery. Its name derives from the perception that groups were often made up of young amateurs who rehearsed in the family garage, although many were professional.